BACKGROUND: Hip replacement, or arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which the disease parts of the hip joint are removed and replaced with artificial parts, called prosthesis. The goal of hip replacement surgery is to increase mobility, relieve pain, and improve the function of the hip joint. People who have hip joint damage that interferes with their daily activities and are not benefitting from treatment are candidates for hip replacement surgery. The most common cause of hip joint damage is , but other conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, osteonecrosis (the death of bone caused by insufficient blood supply), injuries, bone tumors, and fractures can also lead to the breakdown of the hip joint. Doctors used to reserve hip replacement surgery for people over 60 years old. They thought that older people are less active and put less stress on the artificial hip than younger people. In recent years, however, doctors have found that hip replacement surgery can be successful in younger people because technology has improved the artificial parts. Today a person’s overall health and activity level is more important than age in predicting a hip replacement’s success. (Source: www.niams.hih.gov)
Hip surgery flip! The newest replacement approach | Health – Home
If you’ve received a blood transfusion, had lifesaving radiation therapy, experienced a natural birth or even lost weight by counting calories, you have used one of the many health innovations given to us by women in medicine.
In honor of Women’s History Month, the Healthy Living staff has been thinking about the accomplishments of the women who pioneered work in the sciences. As health journalists, we believe that all doctors and researchers deserve more recognition for their contributions to society. And as women, we can’t help but notice that our gender can affect the way we’re treated in these disciplines — from colleague discrimination to legislation aimed at lessening the control female patients have over their bodies, it can sometimes feel as though we’re living in a previous era.
That is, until we realize what previous generations actually went through. Take for example the story of Rosalind Franklin: the geneticist’s strides in X-ray photography led to the best images of DNA strands of her era, but coworker Maurice Wilkins shared her images with a competing team at Cambridge, who used it to help solve the mystery of how DNA is structured. It wasn’t until decades later that Franklin was recognized for her contribution — well after her death and after that competing team (along with Wilkins) were awarded the Nobel Prize.
Now, we live in a country where half of medical school graduates are women and a country where we value — have actually written into law — retelling the accomplishments of women in our own history. So we decided to celebrate by bringing together a list of 50 women who have had the greatest impact in medicine and health research and have, in the process, taught us about our own bodies.
50 Women Who Shaped America’s Health
Only 16 percent of U.S. hospitals were able to say how much a hip operation would cost a potential patient when asked, and those that answered quoted prices that differed by more than $100,000, a study found.
As more Americans are asked to foot a bigger portion of their health-care bills, being able to comparison shop is essential, said Peter Cram, the study’s author. The research, reported yesterday in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine, shows the obstacles patients face in trying to lower their medical costs.
“Hospitals, they aren’t used to this request,” said Cram, an associate professor of medicine at the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine in Iowa City, in a Feb. 8 telephone interview. “Our finding should inspire people to the fact that you should ask about prices even if you have insurance. People should demand more.”
Hip-Replacement Prices Blindfolds Patients, Study Finds – Businessweek
25 Treatments for Arthritis Hip and Knee Pain
New guidelines offer consistent recommendations for doctors worldwide
When it comes to treating osteoarthritis in your knees and hips, you may have more options than you realize. In February 2008, the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI), a nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting osteoarthritis research and treatment, published its first evidence-based recommendations for treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip and knee. The goal was to eliminate inconsistent treatment approaches by creating simple guidelines that would enable health care providers to determine which therapies would be most useful for an individual patient.
The committee took the scientifically proven commonalities it found in the international literature, evaluated the level of scientific evidence, proposed a strength of recommendation for each modality, and then condensed them into a comprehensive “playbook” of 25 treatment recommendations. The first of the 25 recommendations is to combine drug and non-drug treatments for optimal results. The remaining 24 fall into three categories: non-drug, drug and surgical. Following are the 25 recommendations with updates and links to further reading by Arthritis Today.
Treatments | Arthritis Hip | Arthritis Knee
How to Choose the Right Cane & Use It Correctly
The right cane can relieve pressure on sore knees, hips, ankles and feet, as well as improve balance.
By Heather Larson
Walking canes come in even more varieties than candy canes. Materials, colors and handle styles are a matter of preference. Cane type and size, however, there are options that affect function and safety.
The right cane used correctly improves balance and reduces risk of falling by widening the base of support, as well as decreasing weight on lower-body joints, says Lori Ramage, a physical therapist and the Joint Club Coordinator at Banner Boswell Medical Center in Sun City, Ariz.
Choosing Type and Fit
The most common styles of canes are single point and quad or three-point canes. Ramage says most people with arthritis need only single-point canes, and those with a neurological impairment are best suited to quad canes, because they put more weight on them.
When being fitted, wear your walking shoes and stand tall with your arms at your sides. The top or curve of the cane should hit at the crease in your wrist. “If the cane is too high, you won’t get the support you need,” says Ramage. “When the cane is too low, you slump.”
How to Choose Right Cane | Sore Knees, Hips, Ankles, Feet | Arthritis Today
As Americans increasingly access the Internet on mobile devices and at home, more patients and caregivers use it to ask and answer their health questions. Since 2002, research by the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project has found that American adults use online resources, including search engines and social networks, as significant sources of health information.
The following reports, supported by the California HealthCare Foundation, chronicle the growing online health care revolution.
Pew Survey of Americans’ Online Health Habits – CHCF.org